Mandageria fairfaxi Johanson and Ahlberg 1997
Pronunciation: Man-daj-er-ree-a fair-fax-i
Translation: "Fairfax's Mandagery"
Named after the philanthropist Mr James Fairfax, and after the Mandagery Sandstone Formation in which the fossils were found.
Period: Late Devonian (360-70 million years ago)
Description: Large carnivorous lobe-finned fish
Length - up to 1.6 metres to 1.8 metres
Class - Osteichthyes ('bony fish')
Subclass - Sarcopterygii ('fleshy-fins')
Superorder - Crossopterygii (lobe-finned fishes)
Order - Osteolepiformes ('bony scaled forms')
Family - Tristichopteridae
In the Devonian
Reaching nearly 2 metres in length,
In sarcopterygian fishes a series of internal supporting bones within their paired pectoral fins allowed the fish to manoeuvre precisely in the water, using a sculling action of these fleshy fins. The bones inside these fins are directly comparable to our own limb bones (humerus, radius and ulna etc.).
One specimen of